The civilization of a people does not evolve always of its own accord. The more the histories of the growth of the present day nations are traced out, the more we hear of the interconnections of the cultures of different ethnic groups.
THE ROLE OF ENDOGENOUS CULTURE IN SOCIO-ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF LOREA Sang-Bok Han In this paper I will try to examine the traditional sources of Korean culture, and then to present three empirical cases of Korean socio-economic development based on endogenous culture: (a) biogas innovation as a simple appropriate technological development in rural Korea; (b) saemaul undong (New Community Movement); and (c) the Korean experience of economic development.
CHINA UNDER THE IMPACT OF MODERN CIVILIZATION PROBLEMS FOR AN ENDOGENOUS DEVELOPMENTAL MODEL Tan Chung In this presentation I try to survey the Chinese developmental model in the light of civilizational dynamics. I will first give an overview of the Chinese scene, and then take up a few issues for specific discussion. As China is a huge country and her problems are equally vast, numerous and complex, this presentation has become fairly long, yet with important issues I may fail to cover.
SYNCRETISM IN BURMA AND THAILAND - by Kelly Braun University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta January 15, 2001 Human life is a dynamic process of change and development. Religion shares this process because it is inextricably linked to human life. The individual and society are perpetually changing; therefore, religious faith must be continuously refashioned and adapted to this ever changing set of circumstances.
GODDESS BELIEFS IN CHINESE LING'NAN AREA Nguyen Ngoc Tho (Ph.D. Candidate, Department of Culturology, University of Social Sciences and Humanities, VNU-HCMC) Visiting scholar at Sun Yat-sen University (China) This paper was read at the Ninth Annual Conference of Asian Scholarship Foundation on July 17-18, 2009 in Bangkok, and was also published at http://www.harvard-yenching.org/publications-and-projects/working-papers-series/Nguyen_Ngoc_Tho_Goddess_Beliefs_in_Chinese_Lingnan_Area.pdf 1. Chinese Ling’nan area and goddess beliefs – the common issues: a. Chinese Ling’nan area under geo-cultural viewpoint Ngu Linh (五岭山/Wuling’shan/, or Five-Mountain Range) - the prolonged part of Himalayan mountains reaching the Pacific coast in the south of Fujian and the north of Guangdong – forms…
THE BALLAD OF EAST AND WEST Joseph Rudyard Kipling (Anh) December 30, 1865 - January 18, 1936 - Born in Bombay, India, Rudyard Kipling was educated in England, returning to India in 1882. As a poet, author, and recipient of the Nobel Prize for literature in 1907, he published over 80 stories and ballads. Most of his work celebrated the English Empire and its soldiers in India. - Although only active masonically for a few years, Freemasonry’s effect can be noted in many of his works - His autobiography also has a number of references to Freemasonry.
MAHISASURA-MARDINI IN INDONESIA: AN ICONOGRAPHIC STUDY By Dr. Bachchan Kumar South East Asian Studies Indira Gandhi National Centre for the Art New Delhi, INDIA The present study on the goddess Mahisasura-mardini places this female deity in the wider context of social structure and examines the process of transformation of an alien deity according to Indonesian ethos. It also examines the enigmatic character in the sculptures of the deity.
INDIAN AND CHINA IN THE ART OF SUKHOTHAI Richard Pearson In the middle of twelfth century, in the northwestern corner of the Khmer Empire, a small locality defied the authority of its Khmer governor, and became autonomous, Sukhothai, Sawankhalok, and two small states Muong Rat and Muong Bang Yang had been ruled by Thai chiefs under Khmer sovereignty. During the uprising, the king of Muong Bang Yang became the ruler of Sukhothai and Sri Satchanalai, or as it is alternatively called, Sawankhalok. Within half a century, Sukhothai had expanded to include most of the northern Thailand, with the exception of…
THE SIGNIFICATION OF NAGA IN THAI ARCHITECTURAL AND SCULPTURAL ORNAMENTS Phan Anh Tú University of Social Sciences & Humanities, VNU-HCMC Member of Asian Scholarship Foundation cohort VIITh The Nak (Phaya Nak or Naga) in Thai architectural and sculptural ornaments are an associational achievement between the indigenous serpent cult of the mainland Southeast Asian region and Naga of Indian religions in ancient times. It seems that the remains of indigenous serpent cult, however, which have existed up to now being only what told in the Thai folklore. In their religious and belief aspect, most of the Thais have been strongly…
SOUTHEAST ASIAN CULTURAL IDENTITY FROM TYPOLOGICAL-SYSTEMATIC VIEW Prof. Dr.Sc. Tran Ngoc Them University of Social Sciences & Humanities, VNU-HCMC 3rd International Conference on "SouthEast Asian Cultural Values: Promoting Community Spirit", December 12-13, 2007, Phnom Penh, Cambodia I- The approaching way of researching culturological theories. II- The approaching way of researching world cultures. III- Basic characteristics of tranquillity-dominated cultural type. IV- Southeast Asian cultural identities.